Articles Tagged with: Lichtenstein

Lichtenstein Mania

The world doesn’t seem to get enough of Roy LichtensteinIn London, the “Lichtenstein: a retrospective” exhibition at Tate Modern is an ongoing huge success, attracting record number of visitors.  Co-organised by The Art Institute of Chicago and Tate Modern the show brings together 125 of pop icon’s  most definitive paintings and sculptures, 16 years after the artist’s death.

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Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein (October 27, 1923 – September 29, 1997) was a prominent American pop artist. During the 1960s, his paintings were exhibited at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York City and, along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, James Rosenquist, and others he became a leading figure in the new art movement. His work defined the basic premise of pop art better than any other through parody.

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Favoring the old-fashioned comic strip as subject matter, Roy Lichtenstein produced hard-edged, precise compositions that documented while it parodied often in a tongue-in-cheek humorous manner. His work was heavily influenced by both popular advertising and the comic book style. He described Pop Art as, “not ‘American’ painting but actually industrial painting”.

In 1960, he started teaching at Rutgers University where he was heavily influenced by Allan Kaprow, who was also a teacher at the university. This environment helped reignite his interest in Proto-pop imagery. In 1961, Lichtenstein began his first pop paintings using cartoon images and techniques derived from the appearance of commercial printing. This phase would continue to 1965, and included the use of advertising imagery suggesting consumerism and homemaking. His first work to feature the large-scale use of hard-edged figures and Ben-Day dots was Look Mickey (1961, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.). This piece came from a challenge from one of his sons, who pointed to a Mickey Mouse comic book and said; “I bet you can’t paint as good as that, eh, Dad?” In the same year he produced six other works with recognizable characters from gum wrappers and cartoons.

In 1961, Leo Castelli started displaying Lichtenstein’s work at his gallery in New York. Lichtenstein had his first one-man show at the Castelli gallery in 1962; the entire collection was bought by influential collectors before the show even opened. A group of paintings produced between 1961-1962 focussed on solitary household objects such as sneakers, hot dogs, and golf balls. In September 1963, he took a leave of absence from his teaching position at Douglass College at Rutgers.

1923 Born: New York City (October 27)
1940 Studied at the Art Students League, New York
1946 B.F.A. Ohio State University
1949 M.F.A. Ohio State University
1995 National Medal of the Arts
1997 Dies: New York, NY (September 29)



Robert Indiana Love

1928 Born: New Castle, IN
1953 – 1954 B.F.A. at the School of Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1954 Attended the Edinburgh College of Art, Scotland on the George Brown Travelling Fellowship
1956 Moved to New York
1964 Appeared in the Andy Warhol film Eat
1970 Recieved Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts Degree from Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
1973 Designed the immensely popular multi-colored “Love” on a United States postage stamp
1977 Awarded Honorary Degree of Doctor of Fine Arts by University of Indiana, Bloomington, IN
1981 Recieved Honorary Doctoral Degree from Colby College, Waterville, MA
2010 – MOCA – Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL
2009 Robert Indiana and the Star of Hope – Farnsworth Art Museum, Rockland, ME (solo)
Sculpture: Post-War to Present – Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York City, NY
Von Picasso bis Warhol, Künstlerschmuck der Avantgarde – Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Cologne
2008 Pressing Issues, Des Moines Art center, Des Moines, IA
Pop and Op, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NY
2007 Art Market Now, The Columns, Seoul, South Korea
2006 Life as a Legend – Marilyn Monroe, Boca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL
2005 Made in USA – ausgewählte Graphik, Galerie & Edition Bode GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany
Summer of Love Art of the Psychedelic Era, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Do it yourself – Positionen von den sechziger Jahren bis Heute, Hamburger Bahnhof, Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin, Germany
40 Jahre Galerie Thomas, Galerie Thomas, Munich, Germany
2004 – 2005 Robert Indiana 66: Paintings and Sculpture, Price Tower Arts Center’s, Bartlesville, OK
2003 Letters, Words and Numbers, L & M Gallery, New York, NY
1998 Retrospective, Musée D’Art Moderne Contemporain, Nice, France
1991 Prints Retrospective, Susan Sheehan Gallery, New York, NY
1990 Prints as Process, Baxter Gallery, Portland School of Art, MA
1986 Vinalhaven Press 1985-1986, Portland Museum of Art, MA
1982 Indiana’s Indianas: A 25 Year Retrospective of Paintings and Sculptures from the Collection of Robert Indiana, National Museum of Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washingtonm, DC
1978 Art about Art, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY
1977 – 1978 Museum retrospective travels to University Art Museum at University of Texas, Austin, TX; the Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, Virginia, VA; the Indianapoilis Museum of Art, Indiana, IN; the Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY; the Art Center, South Bend, Indiana, IN
1976 Thirty Years of American Art, Brooklyn Museum of Art, curated by Gene Baro, Brooklyn, NY
1975 – 1976 Galerie Denise Rene, New York, NY (solo)
1975 American Art Since 1945, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1972 The Modern Image, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Galerie Denise Rene, New York, NY (solo)
1969 – 1970 The Prints and Posters of Robert Indiana, New England tour originates at St. Mary’s College, Notre Dame, Indiana. Travels to Colby College of Art Museum, Waterville, ME; the Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester, NH; the Hopkins Center, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; the Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME; and Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
1969 70 Years of American Art, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY
1968 First one-man museum exhibition travels to the Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, PA; the Marion Koogler McNay Art Museum, San Antonia, TX and the Herron Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
Word and Image, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1967 Ninth Sao Paulo Bienal, Brazil
1966 LOVE Exhibition at Stable Gallery, New York, NY
1966 Annual Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY
Galerie Alfred Schmela, Dusseldorf, Germany
Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, Germany
1965 Word and Image, Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1965 Annual Exhibition of American Paintings, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY
1964 Stable Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1963 Americans 1963, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Exhibits with Richard Stankeiwicz at the Walker Art Center, Mineapolis, MI (The show travels to The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, MA)
New Realists, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
1962 Stable Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1961 The Art of Assemblage, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam, The Netherlands
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
Detroit Institute of Art, MI
Allentown Museum of Art, Allentown, PA
Baltimore Museum of Art, MD
Brandeis Museum, Waltham, MA
Albright-Knox Gallery of Art, Buffalo, New York
Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld, Germany
Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, CT
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
2006 Wilmerding John, Pissarro Joachim, Robert Pincus-Witten and Peter Halley. Robert Indiana: The Artist and His Work 1955 – 2005. New York: Rizzoli, 2006.
2000 Ryan, Susan E. Robert Indiana: Figures of Speech. Conneticut: Yale University Press, 2000
Pissarro, Joachim, Depotte, Helene. Robert Indiana: Retrospective 1958-1998. Washington: University of Washington Press, 2000
1999 Indiana, Robert. Love and the American Dream: The Art of Robert Indiana. Portland: Portland Museum of Art, 1999
1992 Sheehan, Susan . Robert Indiana Prints: A Catalogue Raisonne 1951-1991. New York: Susan Sheehan Gallery, 1992
1990 Carl J Weinhardt. Robert Indiana. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1990
1969 Indiana, Robert. Robert Indiana: Graphics. Indiana: Department of Art of Saint Mary’s College, 1969
1968 Indiana, Robert. Robert Indiana, Conneticut: Falcon Press, 1968



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